Cannabis is a dioecious plant, which means that it can produce female (seed) flowers or male (pollen) flowers. Thus, it grows and matures within its yearly reproduction cycle. As cannabis popularity rises higher and higher and the industry expands astronomically, growing marijuana traditionally can no longer meet the ever-increasing demands. Hence, the need for experimentation and new strain formation.
Hybrid Cannabis Seeds
A hybrid marijuana seed is formed by mix-breeding a pure strain or other hybridised strains. Weed hybridization usually involves crossing one variety with another (maybe sativa and indica species) to create a new and improved hybrid. The new strain combines the essential qualities of the parent sativa and indica to produce top-quality features.
Hybrid Cannabis Seeds for the Future
Seed hybridization must meet the growing demands of cannabis to be able to sustain the industry. The wild-growing marijuana seeds, known as landrace cannabis, may be deficient in many aspects which hybridization resolves. Below are some benefits of hybrid marijuana seeds.
The cannabinoid levels in landrace cannabis plants differ, making them unfit for some specific purposes. Hybridized strain fills in this gap and empowers the breeder to determine its features. Therefore, users who seek relaxation, improved creativity, or sleep can go for a specific variety depending on the dominant species (indica or sativa) that offer their cannabinoids of choice. Growers can also go for hybrid seeds that fit into their planting vision and desire.
Auto-flowering seeds have the capacity to flower and grow rapidly, completing their reproduction cycles faster than wild-growing marijuana. With auto-flower strains, yield improves to meet the heightening demand as there is a possibility of more than one harvest per annum. Furthermore, Auto-flower plants are dwarf plants and can grow at balconies or even in hidden parts of the garden; this feature allows them to be grown discreetly out of public notice.
Predators and Disease Resistance
Seed hybridization enables the formation of plants that are resistant to some pests, diseases, or predators, therefore ensuring high yield.
Different cannabis varieties have their peculiar strengths and grow in various environmental conditions. Seed hybridization helps us to harness such great qualities and model the strains to grow in our climate without complications.
Some cannabis varieties grow tall and are more adapted for outdoor planting, while some grow shorter and are better suited for indoor cultivation. Hybridisation can help us cross our desire features and adjust the strain to grow either taller or shrubby based on our plans.
Hybrid seeds can produce hemp strains with enhanced nutritional value. Marijuana is incredibly valuable in treating different disorders like anxiety, insomnia, depression, cancer, chronic and acute pains, seizures, etc. The therapeutic potential of cannabis comes from its cannabinoids, nutrients, and phytochemicals.
Seed hybridisation can give rise to strains rich in cannabinoids (like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD), cannabigerol (CBG), etc.), phytochemicals (flavonoids, terpenes, etc.), and nutrients (vitamins, amino acids, essential oils, omega fatty acids, etc.). The richer the active ingredients, the more potent its medicinal value.